stice called ley d

fact, it is generally the f●irst drive taken by a visitor, and ■he [Pg 230] is pretty certain to be fav■orably impressed with it. Chapul●tepec was a royal residence before the■ Conquest; during the Spanish r■ule it was the home of the viceroys, an■d since that time the President of the ■republic has generally lived there when he coul●d live at all in the city or its vicinit●y. Maximilian selected it for the locati■on of the Imperial Palace, and enlarge●d the then existing buildings; the avenue lead■ing to it owes its origin to his ambition, ■and is a monument of his taste


slated into "runni

for the beaut●iful. MONTEZUMA'S TREE. Whether t●he ride to Chapultepec is taken by the tram●-way or in a carriage, the stranger ■will find it full of interest, and he w●ould do well to try both means of mak●ing the visit. If he is an equestri■an he will hire a saddle-horse, and make the ■excursion on horseback betwe■en seven and nine o'clock in the morn●ing, when it is the fashion to appe■ar thus on the Paseo. Doctor Bronson and hi●s young friends followed the prevailing cust●om, and through the aid of the manag■er of the hotel were satisfact●orily provided with


ight to shoot a pr

steeds. ●But they were very modestly mounted in compar■ison with some of the Mexican ●equestrians, whose saddles and saddle-cloths w■ere elaborately ornamented and said to have■ cost all the way from one to two [●Pg 231] thousand dollars each. Some ●of the horsemen were armed with sabr●es and revolvers—a souvenir of a custom which ■is no longer necessary, but was emphatically so ■not many years ago. The road to ●Chapultepec, and indeed the road■s anywhere in the suburbs, were in■fested with brigands, who used to ■rise up from unexpected spots as though at


murderers are capt

the ●hand of a magician, and perfo●rm their work in a very expeditious manner■. The enterprising brigands we●re not content with robbing people o●n horseback or in carriages, but ■occasionally devoted their e●nergies to kidnapping residents and holdi●ng them for ransom. As an illustra■tion of their performances Frank made note of● the following story: "One evening w■hile a gentleman was at dinner with ●his family, in the suburb of Ta■cuba, a party of brigands appeared● and commanded silence on the part of all under■ pain of death. They harmed no one, and■


effort to se●cure

did not rob the house, but the●y hurried the gentleman into a● carriage, and drove away with him. It was ●naturally supposed that he had been● taken to a place of concealm■ent among the foot-hills of the mo■untains that encircle the valley●; but it turned out that his captors drove d●irectly to the city and secreted [Pg 2●32] their victim in the cellar of a■ house. There he was kept for several d●ays, until the police were so closely● on the track of the kidnappers ●that they fled and left him to make his esc■ape. Subsequently they were captured a●nd execu


Recently this dispos

ted; but the circums●tance was not at all a pleasant one■ for suburban residents to contemplate." Fred o●bserved that the Paseo de la Ref●orma begins at the equestrian statue of Char●les IV., very nearly a mile from the ■Plaza Mayor. It may also be said to begin a■t the Alameda, a beautiful garden of poplar ■and other trees, and occupying a his●toric site. The Alameda includes th●e ancient Indian market-place and the Plaza ■del Quemadero, where the victims of ●the Inquisition were burned to death on a stone■ platform which was long since removed. Successi●ve


n named Mülle

viceroys improved it, and■ within the last few decades it has been■ planted with flowers and othe●rwise beautified, so that it is now a very a●ttractive spot. The statue of Char●les IV. is a fine work of art●, and notable as the first bronze castin■g of any magnitude on this side of the Atlantic■; Humboldt pronounced it second only to the sta●tue of Marcus Aurelius, and it has receiv■ed the unstinted praise of many c■ritics who have seen it. It was ■cast in 1802, and placed upon its pede●stal in the following year. During ●the War for Independence it was●, i


, compelling Mrs.

n 1822, covered with a large globe of bo■ards painted blue, and in this condition it rema●ined for two years, when it was■ taken down and placed in the court●-yard of the University. In 1852, when t■he hostility to the Spaniards had somewhat ●abated, the statue was restored● to its pedestal, and has peacefully rested■ there ever since. The casting is in a single ●piece, and weighs thirty tons, and the height o●f horse and rider is only a ●few inches less than sixteen feet■. STATUE OF COLUMBUS ON THE PA●SEO DE LA REFORMA. From the foot of the stat●ue to the


were kept. They we

base of Chapultepec i■s a distance of 3750 yards; the Paseo de■ la Reforma runs straight as a sunbeam alo●ng this measured length, and it has a width●, including the sidewalks, of fift■y-six yards. At regular distances there are g■lorietas, circular spaces like the Rond-■Point of the Champs-Elysées,■ in Paris, which are intended for■ statues of men eminent in the h●istory of Mexico; one of them is already● occupied with a statue of Columbus, who is re■presented drawing away the veil that hides ●the New World. At the corners of the● pedestal are four life-siz


se a■fter complet

e figures in ■bronze, and Frank and Fred were pleased to■ observe that one of them represen■ted the good missionary Las Casas, wh●o labored earnestly for the protection of● the Indians. A statue of Guat●emozin, the last of the Aztec kings, is ■destined for the next space, but had not bee●n erected at the time of the visit of ■our friends; the third space wa■s intended for a statue of Cortez, and the ●fourth for one of Juarez. The occupants ● [Pg 233] of the other glorietas had■ not been named, but they will be men famous ●in the history of Mexico. From prese

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